Xiaobai SHEN博士，英国爱丁堡大学商学院高级讲师，北京大学访问教授，STS比较研究专家， 主要从事中国知识产 权等方面的研究，如技术的社会分析、市场、嵌入边界等方面，尤其是与通讯技术、信息及计算机等方面的相关研究，也涉及新兴市场等方面的研究。
In current globalization, Western social, economic, legal mechanisms for trade and related activities have been widely disseminated; developing countries have equally imitated Western social-economic systems and pursued ‘best practices’. This paper investigates China’s imitation of the Western Intellectual Property (IP) regime in history and the present day. To understand the deeply paradoxical outcomes observed, we draw upon the sociology of imitation of the classic French sociologist, Gabriel Trade. We argue that globalization in essence is imitative, including the top down organized imitation at international level at the heart of this case. Many of these organized imitations have been orchestrated by powerful Western governments and international organizations. As well as coercive imitation forces, we find powerful desire for imitation arising from the internal volition of imitators from the developing countries. We analyze the complex, contradictory and changing array of desires and beliefs behind such imitation. ‘Social distance’ between donor and imitator create cognitive barriers which lead to unexpected and /or unintended outcomes. Imitation thus involves (non-rational) somnambulistic elements, conditioned by structures of economics power and influence.
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